Icelandic pension system now holds double annual GDP | Information
Iceland’s pension property hit a brand new excessive on the finish of final yr – much more dramatic development in relative phrases, with pensions now double the Nordic nation’s annual gross home product (GDP), in keeping with new official figures.
The Icelandic FSA reported on Monday that retirement financial savings stood at ISK 6.05 billion (€ 39.6 billion) as of December 31, 2020, up from ISK 5.18 billion a yr earlier.
The FSA, which is a part of the nation’s central financial institution, mentioned: “Icelanders’ retirement financial savings elevated by ISK 773 billion in 2020, regardless of difficulties and uncertainty in monetary markets because of the COVID pandemic -19.
“On the finish of the yr, provisional figures for whole pension financial savings property confirmed simply over ISK 6.0 billion, which is double the nationwide product (GDP) in 2020” , mentioned the authority.
On the finish of 2019, pension property represented 170% of GDP.
Though a small nation, the Icelandic pension system has lengthy been among the many richest on this planet relative to home GDP.
One of many foremost components behind the relative enhance in retirement financial savings in 2020 is that Iceland’s GDP contracted in 2020 by 6.6% in actual phrases, after struggling a decline. 5.1% in actual phrases within the fourth quarter.
Statistics Iceland mentioned final week in its annual GDP announcement that the contraction within the financial system was largely because of the results of the coronavirus pandemic, notably in export tourism, which contracted by 74, 4% throughout the yr.
Within the FSA’s combination pension property determine on the finish of 2020, he mentioned that the property of the mutual insurance coverage divisions of the pension funds amounted to ISK 5.12 billion and the financial savings of non-public pension managed by the fund amounted to ISK 595 billion.
Belongings held by nationwide private retirement financial savings depositories amounted to ISK 247 billion, he mentioned.
“The principle adjustments in asset courses throughout the yr are that overseas forex property elevated by ISK 426 billion, or about 25%, or simply over half of the rise in retirement financial savings throughout the yr, ”the FSA mentioned.
The proportion of overseas forex in portfolio insurance coverage and personal property was round 35%, or round ISK 2.10 billion. on the finish of 2020, he mentioned.
Amongst different adjustments within the asset mixture of pension suppliers over the yr, the FSA reported that coated bond weights had elevated considerably, as did shares and company bonds, however that loans from coated bonds had elevated considerably. fund members had declined.
The latter change was primarily because of the massive repayments that had been made throughout the yr, the supervisory authority mentioned.
The FSA mentioned the rise in private pension holdings slowed considerably in 2020, because of the enhance in withdrawal authorizations throughout the yr.
Withdrawals from third pillar pension financial savings have been approved by the Icelandic parliament from April 2020 to January 2021, with sure restrictions, as a pandemic disaster measure.